What is the scientific name of the papaya?

The papaya ( / pəˈpaɪə /, US: / pəˈpɑːjə /) (from Carib via Spanish), papaw, ( / pəˈpɔː /) or pawpaw ( / ˈpɔːpɔː /) is the plant Carica papaya, one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae. It was first domesticated in Mesoamerica, within modern-day southern Mexico and Central America.

Is a papaya dioecious or diecious?

Papayas are dioecious. The flowers are five-parted and highly dimorphic; the male flowers have the stamens fused to the petals.

Where do papayas come from?

Native to tropical America, papaya originates from southern Mexico and Central America. Papaya is also considered native to southern Florida, introduced by predecessors of the Calusa no later than 300 CE. Spaniards introduced papaya to the Old World in the 16th century.

Is Carica papaya resistant to PRV?

In 2011, Philippine researchers reported that by hybridizing papaya with Vasconcellea quercifolia, they had developed papaya resistant to papaya ringspot virus (PRV). Carica papaya was the first transgenic fruit tree to have its genome sequenced.

What is the scientific name of papaya fruit?

The botanical name (genus and species) for papaya is Carica papaya of the plant family Caricaceae. It is a tropical plant originating in southern Mexico and Central America. What is an enzyme obtained from the papaya fruit called?

Why is it called Papaya Carica?

The genus Carica was given that name by Linnaeus because the leaves of these plants are like those of the common fig (Ficus carica). The common name comes from the Taíno word papáia that was changed in Spanish to papaya, the word most used worldwide, with some changes.

What does a papaya look like?

They look like small cantaloupes or honeydew melons. In some places papayas are called papaws or pawpaws. The scientific name of the papaya plant is Carica papaya.

Where is papaya native to?

Jump to navigation Jump to search. Papaya is a tall herbaceous plant in the genus Carica; its edible fruit is also called papaya. It is native to the tropical region of America, mainly from southern Mexico to Central America.

What is the origin of the papaya?

Though its origin is rather obscure, the papaya may represent the fusion of two or more species of Carica native to Mexico and Central America. Today it is cultivated throughout the tropical world and into the warmest parts of the subtropics.

Which countries grow the most papayas?

Of all the papaya grown in the world, India takes the lead in growing papaya. The second highest producer is Brazil, and then comes Indonesia, Nigeria, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Belize, Costa Rica and Ecuador. The U.S. only grows 0.1 percent of papaya production.

Do papaya trees produce fruit?

The female and bisexual plants are the only ones that produce fruit. Depending on the tree type, this fruit is small to medium round or medium to large oblong shape. Fruit flesh is generally yellow, although some red and orange types exist as well. Growing papaya trees is generally done from seed that is extracted from ripe fruit.

What does a papaya look like when ripe?

When ripe, the outside of the papaya is a yellowish-orange color. Its flesh is anywhere from yellow to deep orangish-red. This plant is native to Central America and the northern regions of South America. Today, it also grows naturally in Florida, the Caribbean islands, and several African countries.

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